Yantra Yoga is a Tibetan form of Yoga; it has been described as the Hatha Yoga of Buddhism. Yantra Yoga uses movement, breathing and meditation to restore balance to the mind and body, much the same as Hatha Yoga, and details a set of poses that can be used to achieve this balance. The biggest difference is that the pose is not the focus of the practice – the focus is on the breathing and movement sequences used to enter, perform, and leave the pose.
There are 108 ‘exercises’ detailed in Yantra Yoga. The flow of the exercises, the timing of movements and breathing, and the spiritual energy created during the exercises, are all essential in Yantra Yoga.
Hatha Yoga is focuses on exercises using movement and breathing to create physical balance, using asana, pranayama, bandhas (locks) and mudras (hand positions).
The Hatha Yoga Pradipika was written in the 15th century by Svami Svatmarama. In the Pradipika, the purpose of Hatha Yoga practices of asana, pranayama, bandha and mudra is to awaken Kundalini energy, and Hatha Yoga is described as the stairway to Raja Yoga and Samadhi.
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